Buxa Tiger Reserve Forests lies in Alipurduar district of West Bengal. The name "Buxa Tiger" has been derived from Buxa Fort, which once was used for detainees during freedom movement of India. Its northern boundary runs along the international border with Bhutan where the Sinchula hill range lies along with this northern boundary. And southern boundary runs along with National Highway No. 31C. Eastern boundary is end with Assam and West Bengal inter-state border, where western boundary starts with the Chilapata Forests and Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary. The Phipsu Wildlife Sanctuary of Bhutan is contiguous to North of Buxa Tiger Reserve. It is a natural international corridor for elephant migration between India and Bhutan.
Buxa Tiger Reserve Forests created in 1983 comprises entire forest area of previous Buxa Tiger Division and some territory of Coochbehar Forest Division. It covered the forest area of Rajabhatkhawa, Nimati, Barobisha, Rydak, Raimatang Jainti, Buxaduar and Bhutanghat. The main rivers are Sankosh, Raidak, Jayanti, Churnia, Turturi, Phashkhawa, Dima and Nonani. In 1986, some part of Buxa Tiger Reserve becomes Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary. In 1992 it was declared as National Park.
|Area||760km2 (core area of 331km2)|
|Location||Alipurduar District of West Bengal, India|
|Nearest City||Alipurduar (District Town)|
|Distance||175km from Siliguri, 35km from Alipurduar|
|Best Season||October to April|
Buxa Tiger Reserve Forests has a rich variety of flora and fauna. Due to the heavy rainfall, you can see tropical rainforests and savannah forests. It is the home to a varied species of animals and unique plants. You can identify more than 1500 types of plants, out of them 300 species of trees like sal, Champ, Gamar, Simul, Chikrasi and 150 species of ferns.
In the Reserve 390 species of birds, 73 species of mammals, 76 species of snakes, 5 species of amphibians have been identified so far. Apart from Bengal Tiger the flagship species, there are plenty of Leopard, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Jungle Cat, Indian Civet, Palm Civet, Wild Dogs, Malayan Gaint Squirrels, Mangooses, Asian Elephant, Gaur, Small Clawless Otter, Chital, Sambar, Barking Deer, Hog Deer, Wild Buffalo, 3 varieties of Pythons, Monitor Lizard and a host of land tortoises. Many of the animals are endangered species while some are endemic to the region.
Apart from the animals you can also find a vast array of avian species like Goosanders, Ibis Bill, Fork-tails, Red-stars, Wag-tails, Common Teal, Gargani Teal, Large Whistling Teal, White Eyed Poachared and Hornbills. One of the rarest birds of India the Black-necked Crane has been sighted in the Reserve during the early winter.
By Road: National Highway No.31C roughly runs along its southern boundary. One can hire a car from Alipurduar to enter the Buxa Tiger Reserve Forest. Alipurduar is well connected by road with Darjeeling, Siliguri, Alipurduar and other towns of North Bengal.
By Rail: Nearest railway station is Alipurduar Junction / New Alipurduar. It is 17 Km. away. But all train is not arrived here. New Jalpaiguri Railway Station is the main railway station in this area. You can change train from New Jalpaiguri or can follow the road journey from New Jalpaiguri to Alipurduar.
By Air: Nearest airport is Bagdogra. It is a domestic airport under Indian Army. All major air services are available from all over India. Distance between Bagdogra and Siliguri is 13 km. You can find out various vehicles to come in Siliguri, and then follow the above road route.
There are forest rest houses of West Bengal Forest Development Corporation at Rajabhatkhawa, Nimati, Barobisha, Raidak, Raimatang, Bhutanghat, Buxaduar and Jayanti. To check the room availability and online booking in the resorts of West Bengal Forest Development Corporation click here.
Reservation Authorities :
Buxa Tiger Reserve East
Pin – 736122
Phone : (03564) 256005
M-4 Building, Pradhan Nagar
Hill Cart Road, Siliguri - 734403
Phone : (0353) 2511979 / 4, 2432561
Fax : (0353) 2511979, 2432561