Tripura is one of the seven-sister states of the north-eastern India and the third smallest state in India with an area of 10,491.7 km2. According to the Census of India 2011, approximately 3,673,917 people reside here, which is just 0.3% of the total population of the country. Tripura is a landlocked state, surrounded by 856 km international border with its neighbouring country Bangladesh to the north, west and south, which is about 84% of its total border length and the entire eastern side is bordered by its neighbouring states Assam and Mizoram.
However, a controversy is there about the origin of the name Tripura. Many people say, 'tui' (that is, water) and 'pra' (that is, close or near), means “a land adjacent to water”. This word is the source of name Tripura. According to others, the name of this state came from the name of Maa Tripura Sundari (one of the 51 Shakti Peethas), the presiding deity of the Tripura Sundari Temple at . Regardless the controversy about the name implies, everyone agrees - the beauty of Tripura is unique and incomparable - with hills, rivers, lakes, springs, palace, pilgrimage, sanctuary, the garden of rubber-tea-pineapple, wonderful biodiversity.
The capital city of Tripura is Agartala and it is also the largest city in the state and the second largest city in the North-East India, after Guwahati, Assam. Other big cities of the state are Bishalgarh, Sonamura, Amarpur, Dharmanagar, Pratapgarh, Udaipur, Kailashahar, Teliamura, Khowai, Sabroom, Belonia and Badharghat. The state is build up with eight administrative districts namely, North Tripura, Unokoti, Dhalai, Khowai, West Tripura, Shipahijala, Gomati and South Tripura. Read more...
Tripura is a Bengali populated state, represents almost 67 per cent of the total population of Tripura, while rest 32 per cent belongs into Indigenous communities, the native tribal communities of Tripura, they are defined as "scheduled tribes", the most disadvantaged groups of people recognized by the constitution of India. Some Manipuri and others communities also reside in Tripura. All tribes of Tripura belongs into nineteen ethnic groups and many more sub-groups, with diverse languages and cultures. Kokborok-speaking Tripuris are the major community of them, other communities are Reang, Jamatia, Chakma, Lusai, Mog, Garo, Kuki, Chaimal, Uchai, Hala, Khasia, Bhutia, Munda, Orang, Lepcha, Santal, Bhil, and Noatia lived together with a peaceful harmony.
Tripura is a Bengali dominated states and so most of the people in Tripura speaks in Bengali language. Kokborok is a widely speaking language among the Tripuri tribes and the second most populous language in Tripura. Some other language of Tripura, which are used to daily communications between some communities are Mog, Odia, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Manipuri, Halam, Kuki, Garo and Chakma belonging to Indo-European and Sino-Tibetan language families. Other than the states own languages, most of the people know Hindi and can speak on it, some of them are also understand and speaks English too. Bengali and Kokborok are two official languages in Tripura. English is also used for official purpose in the state.
Tripura is a Hindu majority state. According to 2011 census, 83.4 per cent of total state population follows Hinduism. Islam is the second largest religion in Tripura, 8.6 per cent state population are followers of Muslims. Christians is the third largest religion with 4.35 per cent of total population, and Buddhists are the fourth largest religion with 3.41 per cent followers of the state Tripura. Mogs (Barua & Mutsuddy also comes under Mog community) and Chakmas are the followers of Buddhism in Tripura. Some other religions of Tripura are Sikhism (0.02%) and Jainism (0.02%).
The climate of the state is tropical type with a pleasant weather and humidity in winter. The weather characters of Tripura mainly depend on the wind flows of Bay of Bengal and it produces a heavy rainfall during the monsoon season. The climate season of the state can be divided into three divisions namely, summer, winter and monsoon.
Weather in summer
Normally the summer season of Tripura is continued from mid of March to June. The average temperatures during this season is 34°C.
Weather in winter
Normally the winter season of Tripura is continued from November to early February and the average temperature during this season is about 11°C.
Weather in monsoon
Normally the monsoon season of Tripura is continued from July to September and the average annual rainfall of the state is approximately 210cm. Kamalpur region receives the highest Rain fall 285.5 cm in monsoon and the Sonamura region is lowest Rain fall area with average rainfalls 181.1 cm.
Festivals in Tripura Kharchi Puja is the most popular festival in Tripura. It is a festival continues for seven days during the month of June or July close to the capital city of Agartala. Other popular festivals of the state are Garia Puja (tribal festival), Durga Puja, Dewali, Pilak Festival, Pous Sankranti Mela, Neermahal Festivals, Swimming and Boat Race (in July or August), Orange and Tourism festival and the Bizu Festival.