India > Jharkhand


Jharkhand (Jhar – Bush, or some time called as Forest and Khand – Part or area, altogether a land of forests) is the sixteenth largest state of India with an area of 79,714 Sq Km and placed in the eastern part of India. According to the census of India 2011, approximately 32,988,134 people reside here. The state is separated by its neighboring states Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the West, West Bengal to the east, Bihar to the north and Orissa to the south.

The capital city of Jharkhand is Ranchi and Dumka town is accepted as sub-capital of Jharkhand. Other major cities of the state are Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Bokaro and Hazaribagh. The state is build up with twenty-four administrative districts. It was declared as a separate state from Bihar on 15th November 2000 by Indian government.

dimna lake jharkhand

(Dimna Lake at Jharkhand)

Climate of Jharkhand

Area 79,714 km2 (16th)
Capital Ranchi
Largest City Jamshedpur
Other Cities Dhanbad, Bokaro, Deoghar, Phusro, Hazaribagh, Giridih, Ramgarh and Daltonganj
Location East India
Population (2011) 3,29,88,134 (13th)
Districts 24
Climate Pleasant and equable throughout the year.
Best Season February to April
Languages HIndi (OL) and Urdu, Santhali, Bengali, Ho, Oriya, Mundari, Kurukh, Kurmali, Khortha, Kharia, Nagpuri
Currency Indian Rupee(indian rupee)

Climate of Jharkhand usually is tropical with hot summer and cold winter. The state is mainly influenced by three types whether season, namely summer, winter and monsoon. Some regions (Ranchi, Netarhat, and Parasnath) of the state are seeing a pleasant climate throughout the year even during the summer.

Weather in summer: Normally the summer season of Jharkhand is continued from End of April to Mid-June. The temperature varies during this season between 23°C to 38°C.

Weather in winter: Normally the winter season of Jharkhand is continued from mid of November to February and the temperatures vary during this season between 10°C to 20°C.

Weather in monsoon: Normally the monsoon season of Jharkhanda is continued from End-July to September. The state receives Several robust twisters during this season, which come in from the neighboring state West Bengal. An average annual rainfall of the state is approximately 47 cm.

Culture of Jharkhand

Languages in Jharkhand: Usually the people of the state use Hindi as their spoken and official language but some tribal or regional dialects are also spoken like, Santhali, Mundari, Ho, Kharia, Bhumij, Bengali, Maithili, Nagpuri, Sadri, Khortha, Kurmali, Panch pargania, Oraon, Korwa and Paharia in several areas.

People in Jharkhand: The native residents of Jharkhanda usually belongs to thirty-two distinct tribal community groups and the all of follows the Sarna religion, near about 12.8% of total resident belongs to this community. The main religion of the state is Hinduism near about 67.8% of total population follow this religion. Some other religion followers of the state are Sikhism (3.3%), Muslim (14.5%), Jainism (2.06%), Buddhism (1.02%) and Christianity (4.3%).

Festivals in Jharkhand: Holi is most popular festival in Jharkhand. Some other important religious festivals of the state are Divwali, Dashhara and Ramnavami, Chath and Baqra Eid. Several amusing big fair are also organized throughout the state like Kunda Mela (every year in February or March) at Pratappur, Kolhua mela in winter at Hunterganj, Kundri Mela at Chatra, Kolhaiya Mela in winter at Chatra, Tutilawa Mela at Simaria and Belgada Mela (in April) at Simaria.

The tribal communities of the state make their culture totally dissimilar to other urban communities and they practice a distinct culture which traditionally transfers to them. They celebrate several festivals like Bhagta Parab, Hal Punhya, Karam, Rohin, Sarhul and Tusu Parab.  Read more...