India > Assam

About the state Assam

The state Assam also called as Asom, is placed along by two Himalayans mountain ranges the Karbi Anglong and the North Cachar on the bank of the Brahmaputra and the Barak River. Assam is the eastern state of India and Dispur is its capital city. Other major cities in the state are Guwahati, Tezpur, Digboi, Haflong, Hajo, Majuli, Sibsagar etc. Assam is covered an area of 78,438 sq km and bordered by 6 neighboring states, named, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya and two countries - Bhutan and Bangladesh.

assam kaziranga nationa park

(Assam Kaziranga Nationa Park)

The region of Assam is divided into 27 separate districts. It is a hilly state and maximum of its region is covered with thick forest due to high rainfall. Other state of India is connected to Assam through a narrow hilly road which goes through over West Bengal known as the Siliguri Corridor. People who like to see flora and fauna they should be travel to Assam. You will found here lots of National Parks, Tea Gardens, Sal tree forests, Wildlife and Bird Sanctuaries. Some major destination spots in Assam are Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary and Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary.

Asom or Assam, north most Himalayan State lying between 26°30'N and 29°30'N latitude and between 91°30'E and 97°30'E longitude is the state of sunrise in India. It panoramic natural beauty and fresh air are most valuable property in our polluted and artificial World.  Read more...

Climate of Assam

Religions in Assam: Assam is a state where two types of people live from ancient time period. They are the non-tribal and the tribal. The 20% of total populations in Assam are tribes. The major Tribes of Assam are Bodo they are one of the oldest tribes of Assam with a population of 5.3% of total people, Karbi tribes who generally resides in hilly areas of Assam, Phake Tribes who resides in Dirugarh and Tinsukia district of Assam and the Mishing Tribe. The non-tribes residents of Asam mainly follow the Hindu (61.5 %) and Muslim (30.5%) religion and the rest are Buddhists, Christian and Jain.

Festivals in Assam: The tribes of Assam celebrate lots of festivals with their own customs and traditions. Among them Bihu (Rongali Bihu, Kongali Bihu and Bhogali Bihu) is the most important and usual festival and it celebrated all over Assam. Other important festivals of Assam are Durga Puja and Eid or Id.

Languages in Assam: Assamese (57.81%) and Bengali (21.67%) are the main languages of Assam. Some similarities are found in above mention languages. Other languages in Assam are Bodo (5.28% a tribe dialect) Hindi (4.62%) and rest people use some tribal languages like Mishing, Karbi, Dimasa etc.

Culture of Assam

Three major climate seasons are found in Assam. They are – summer, monsoon and winter. Usually the weather of Assam is a tropical monsoon type and is a temperate region which is uncomfortably humid especially during rainy season.

Summer in Assam: Summer season is continued from middle of April to middle of June. High rainfall and humidity are found during this season. The temperatures vary from 25 to 38 degrees Celsius.

Monsoon in Asam: The Monsoon season continued from middle of June to August. High rainfall and humidity are found during this season and Thunderstorms locally called as Bordoicila are regular in the afternoon in monsoon. The average annual rainfall of Assam is 120 inches.

Winter in Asom: Winter season is continued from the middle of October to late February. The minimum temperature during this season is 6 degrees Celsius. Nights and early mornings are foggy.

General information about Assam

State Foundation Date:: 26th January, 1950
Total Area :: 78,438 sq km (approx)
Altitude :: 5,500 ft (approximately)
Temperature Summer (Max):: 35° C
Temperature Winter (Min):: 6° C
Annual Rainfall :: 300cm
Best Seasons to Visit :: All around the year.
Capital Town :: Dispur
Other Major Towns :: Guwahati, Tezpur, Silchar, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Karimganj, Tinsukia, Diphu, Dhemaj, Nagaon, Marigaon, Barpeta, Goalpara, Dhuburi, Bongaogaon and Nalbari.
Number of Districts :: 27
Neighboring State :: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya and West Bengal
Neighboring Countries ::  Bangladesh and Bhutan
Population :: 31,169,272 (Males- 15,954,927; Females- 15,214,345; Census- 2011)
Population Density :: 397 people per sq. km.
Literacy Rate :: 73.18% ( Males- 78.81% and Females- 67.27%)
Language Spoken :: Assamese, Bengali, Boro, karbi, Mishing and Hindi
Major Religions :: Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism and Christianity.