Haryana is the twentieth largest state of India with an area of 44,212 Sq Km which placed in the North-West part of India. According to the census of India 2011, approximately 2,53,53,081 people reside here. The state is separated by its neighboring states Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, Delhi, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to the east and Rajasthan to the West and Southeast.
The capital city of Haryana is Chandigarh and it also a union territory of India. Other major cities of the state are Rewari, Hissar, Panipat, Gurgaon, Babarpur, Sonipat, Bahadurgarh, Sonepat, Faridabad, Hazira, Ballabgarh, Rohtak, Sanathnagar and Garhi Harsaru. The state is build up with 4 administrative divisions, namely Ambala, Rohtak, Gurgaon and Hisar Division. These divisions are contained with Twenty-one distinct districts.
According to the landforms of the state Haryana is divided into four separate zones. These are the Yamuna Ghaggar plain, The Shivalik Hills area of the northeast zone, Semi-desert sandy plain of the southwest zone and The Aravalli Range of the southern zone. Read more...
Climate of Haryana usually is arid to semi-arid type. It is extremely hot in summer and much cold weather in winter. The state is mainly influenced by three types of whether season, namely summer, winter and monsoon.
Weather in summer: Normally the summer season in Haryana is from the month of March to July. The temperatures vary during this season between 33°C to 47°C. But May and June are extremely hot, when the temperature may reach 43°C or above regularly. So, tourists avoid this season to rush at Haryana.
Weather in winter: Normally the winter season of Haryana is continued from End of November to Mid-February and the temperatures vary during this season between 2°C (except of Karnal and Ambala districts, avg - 14°C) to 10°C. January is the coldest month in Haryana, when the temperature may drop below the freezing point. It is the right time to planning a tour for Haryana.
Weather in monsoon: Normally the monsoon season of Haryana is continued from July to September. The state receives heavy rain during this season in the region of Shivalik Hill’s area. An average annual rainfall of the state is approximately 46 cm.
Language and Religions in Haryana:Usually the people of the state use Hindi as their spoken and official language but some other dialects are also spoken like, Punjabi, Bangaru or Jatu (known as Haryanavi) and Urdu, in few areas. The people of Punjab mainly follow Hinduism (89.08%) rest are Sikhism (6.1%), Muslim (4.05%) and Christianity (0.10%).
Festivals in Haryana: The festival Lohri is one of the most important festivals in the state. It is celebrated during winter. Some other popular festivals of the state are Haryana day, Pinjore Heritage Festival Gangore, Baisakhi and Gugga Naumi. Most attractive annual fairs of Haryana are the Surajkund Craft fair and the Kartik Fair.