India > Bihar


Bihar is the 13th largest state of India with an area of 94,163 Sq Km which placed in the North-Eastern part of India. According to the census of India 2011, approximately 103,804,637 people reside here. The state is separated by an international border with its neighboring country Nepal to the North and its neighboring states are UP to the West, WB to the east and Jharkhand to the South.

Bihar was declared as a state in 1912 by Indian government. The capital city of Bihar is Patna and it also the largest city of the state. Other major cities of the state are Munger, Gaya, Chhapra, Bhagalpur, Katihar, Muzaffarpur, Purnia, Darbhanga, Danapur, Biharsarif, Sasaram, Arrah and Dehri.

Shershah Suri Masjid in Bihar

(Shershah Suri Masjid in Bihar)

The state builds up with nine administrative divisions namely, Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadha. And these divisions are divided into thirty-eight distinct districts. According to the landforms and geographical reasons the state is divided in four regions. These are the Angika Region, Bhojpur, Magadh and Mithila Region.  Read more...

Climate of Bihar

The overall weather report in a year of the state usually are quite good and comfortable than other states. It get a pleasant and comfortable temperature (average 27°C) in the months of October, November, February and March.

Weather in summer: Normally the summer season of Bihar is continued from mid of March to Mid-June. The average temperature during this season is 34°C.

Weather in winter: Normally the winter season of Bihar is continued from End of November to Mid-February and the average temperature during this season is 10°C.

Weather in monsoon: Normally the monsoon season of Bihar is continued from Mid-July to September. Average annual rainfall of the state is approximately 120 cm.

Culture in Bihar

Major Languages in Bihar: Usually the people of the state use Hindi as their main spoken language but three other languages namely Urdu, Maithili and Magahi are also widely used. These four languages are considered as official language of the state. Beside of these, there have several local or regional tribal languages in Bihar, popularly known as Bihari language. Maximum of these languages are similar to Hindi Dialect but these are very crude, major of them are Angika, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Maithili and Bajjika.

Major Festivals in Bihar: Chhath or Dala Chhath is the most popular festival in Bihar which celebrated twice a year, once in Chaitra Month (according to local calendar) or in summers, called as Chaiti Chhath and another in Kartik Month (according to local calendar) or in winter, called as Kartik Chhath. Some other popular festivals of the state are Shravani Mela, Teej, Chitragupta Puja, Makar Sankranti, Saraswati Puja, Holi, Eid-ul-Zuha, Muharram, Ram Navami, Rath yatra, Raksha Bandhan, Maha Shivaratri and Durga Puja.

Major Religions in Bihar: The main religion of the state is Hinduism near about 83% of total population follow this religion. Some other religion followers of the state are Muslim (16%) and rest 1% are Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Christianity.

General info of Bihar

Country India
Capital Patna
No. of Districts 38
Area 94,163 km2
Population 103,804,637 (Census 2011), 3rd in India
Dialects Hindi, Magadhi, Angika, Bhojpuri, Maithili and English.
Climate Winter Minimum - 8°C and Summer Maximum - 36°C
Best season to visit October to April
BSTDC Contact Number Phone: (+91) 612-225411