India > Punjab

About the state Punjab

Punjab (Punj - five and Ab - water or river, means region of five rivers - the Beas River, Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab and the Jhelum River) is the nineteenth largest state of India with an area of 50362 Sq Km which placed in the North-West part of India. According to the census of India 2011, approximately 24358999 people reside here. The state is separated by a international border to the west with the neighboring country Pakistan and its neighboring states are Haryana to the south and the Southeast, Himachal Pradesh to the East, Rajasthan to the South-West and Jammu & Kashmir to the North.

chandigarh capital city, punjab

(A beautiful Waterfall in Pondicherry)

The capital city of Punjab is Chandigarh and the other major cities of the state are Mohali, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Bathinda, Patiala and Jalandhar. The state is build up with 3 regions, namely Malwa, Majha and the region of Doaba. These divisions are contained with Twenty-two distinct districts.

Malwa region is made up with eleven districts and it placed to the south of satluj River.

Majha region is made up with four districts and it sandwiched between three rivers Ravi, Beas and the Sutlej River.

Doaba region is made up with 7 districts and it sandwiched between two rivers Beas and Sutlej. This zone is famous for its most fertile alluvial soil in the world.

Climate of Punjab

Climate of Punjab usually is extreme hot and cold type. The state is mainly influenced by three types whether season, namely summer, winter and monsoon.

Weather in summer
Normally the summer season of Punjab is continued from End of March to June. The average temperature during this season varies between 32° C to 48° C.

Weather in winter
Normally the winter season of Punjab is continued from End of November to February and the average temperature during this season varies between -4° C (in the region of Himalayas foothills) to 22° C.

Weather in monsoon
Normally the monsoon season of Punjab is continued from July to September and the average rainfall during this season varies approximately from 55 cm to 98 cm.

Culture of Punjab

Languages in Punjab
and Hindi are main dialects of Punjab and a majority percentage (approximately - 50% of total population speak Punjabi) of resident uses these as their first language and they accept Punjabi as their official language. Other major dialects of the state are English, Urdu, Bhattianj, Malwai, Pahari, Kangri, Hindko, Pothowari, Shahpuri, Rachnavi, Majhi, Thalochri, Chakwali, and Ghebi.

Festivals in Punjab
Baisakhi is most popular festval of the state. It is celebrated on the 1st day of Baisakh month when the harvests are ripe and ready. Some other major festivals of the state are Gurupurab, Lohri, Holi, Diwali, Bahidooj, Mehendi and the Guru Nanak Jayanti.

Religions in Punjab
The people of Punjab mainly follow Sikhism (60.02%) rest are Hindu (37%), Muslim (1.55%), Christianity (1.2%), Buddhism (0.17%) and Jainism (0.16%). Some tribal communities reside here with less percentage of total population.  Read more...