Bangladesh at a glance
Bangladesh is the only country in the world, which were shaped and formed based on a revolutionary freedom movement for their mother-tongue. In 1971, the great language movement (Vasha Andolon) finally turned into Independent Movement with the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, which gives success in the name of the new country Bangladesh after divided Pakistan. And the movement popularly has known as Muktijudho and they fought for the language Bangla (Bengali). The literary meaning of Bangladesh is “the Land of Bengal”. It is a country of South Asia and mostly shares its border with India in west, north & east and a small part with Myanmar (Burma) in the south-east. Indian states West Bengal (to the west and north), Meghalaya (to the north and north-east), Assam (to the north), Mizoram (to the east) and Tripura (to the east) share its boundary with Bangladesh. And the Bay of Bengal is situated to the south of the country.
Bangladesh is the eight most populous country in the world with a total population of 149,772,364 as of the 2011 census. It is the 92nd largest country in the world with a land area of 147,570 km2 (56,980 sq. mi.). It is a Bengali dominates country, where 98% population has spoken in Bengali with several dialects. Bangladesh is a Muslim country after its official religion is Islam and about 86.6% population has followed Islam as their religion, which makes Bangladesh the third largest Muslim-majority country in the World; 12.1% Hindus, 0.6% Buddhists, 0.4% Christians and 0.3% others are also live in Bangladesh.
The People's Republic of Bangladesh is divided into eight administrative divisions, which are named after its administrative headquarters namely - Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Mymensingh, Rajshahi, Rangpur, and Sylhet. Chittagong Division is the largest division and Mymensingh Division is the smallest by area. Each division further divided into districts or Zila and each Zila subdivided into sub-districts or Upo-Zila or Police Station (Thana). Bangladesh has total no of 64 districts. Dhaka is the capital city of Bangladesh and also the largest city, followed by the port city Chittagong.
Bangladesh exercised the Unitary Parliamentary Republic with a multi-party system, where Prime Minister is the Head of the Government and the President is the Head of the state. The Legislature is a 350-members Unicameral Parliament called Jatiyo Sangshad. 300 MP are directly elected by the popular votes and 50 MP seats are reserved for female members nominated by political parties with their vote ratio.
Bangladesh has practice mixed economy policies, which leads the country to a developing nation and enlisted as one of the Next Eleven. The Nominal GDP of Bangladesh is $285.817 billion, ranked 43rd in the World as of 2018 and per capita income is $1,751 (143rd rank in the World), which leads the country third largest economy and the second-largest foreign-exchange reserves in the South-Asia. Based on purchasing power parity, GDP of Bangladesh is $751.949 billion (31st rank in the world) and the per capita income is $4,561(139th in the world). Since last two decades, Bangladesh has an average annual GDP growth of around 6%. Bangladeshi economy mostly depends on Agriculture (cultivation of rice, jute). And textile is the main export industries in Bangladesh, accounted 80% revenue of the total exports of the country, which makes the country one of the largest textile exporters in the world and mostly exports to the USA, Germany, the UK, France, Spain, China, India, Japan, Malaysia and Singapore.
Day by day Bangladesh becomes a tourist hub to the world communities. Historical places and monuments, sea-beaches and resorts, wildlife, forests, and tribal lifestyle, lakes, pilgrimages destination are the main tourist attractions in Bangladesh. The longest unbroken sea beach in the world Cox's Bazar, UNESCO world heritage site the Sundarbans, the Mosque City of Bagerhat, the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur, Mainamati, Dhaka city are most popular attractions in Bangladesh. Throughout the year, tourists can visit any destinations in Bangladesh, but October to March is the best time to visit in the country.