Telangana is the newest state in India, formed on 2nd June of 2014 as the 29th state of the dominion. It is situated on the southern part of India and previously it was a north-western part of Andhra Pradesh. Telangana has an area of 112,077 km2 and recognized as the 12th largest state in terms of both area and size of population. It has a population of 35,193,978 as of 2011 census. Telangana shares its border with Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh states. Hyderabad is the capital city and the largest city by population in Telangana. Some other major cities are Warangal, Karimnagar, Nizamabad, and Khammam. Hyderabad is also the capital city of Andhra Pradesh and it must have a new capital city within 2024.
Before Indian independence, the area now called Telangana was included in the princely state of Hyderabad governs by the Nizam of Hyderabad and occupied by India in 1948. In 1956, Hyderabad State was dissolved and formed a new state Andhra Pradesh after merged with Andhra State, based on the linguistic state & territorial reformation of Indian. In 1969, some social agitation take placed based on pro-Andhra (mainly coastal Andhra) and pro-Telangana movement, which slowly developed into the demand for a separate Telangana state. Some time, agitation may loss its momentum, but again it reforms another movement with a new form for the same separate statehood demand. In 2009, Telangana movement gain its final momentum for the separate state under the leadership of K Chandrashekar Rao and in 2nd June of 2014, India gets its 29th state Telangana.
Telangana divided into 31 districts, which are again divided into 68 revenue divisions. Bhadradri Kothagudem is considered as the largest district whereas Hyderabad is the smallest district in Telangana by area. There are a total of 12 cities which include 6 municipal corporations and 38 municipalities. Hyderabad is the only million-plus city in the state.
As of 2011 census, Telangana has a population of 35,193,978, which recognize the state as the 12th most-populous in India. The population density is 307 persons per sq.km. Telangana is a religiously diverse state, where 85.1% Hindu, 12.7% Muslim, and 1.3% Christian, and 0.9% others believers reside in the state. Most of the people in the state speak in Telugu, it is about 77% of the total population, 12% speak Urdu, and 13% speak other languages like Hindi, English, etc. Telugu is the official language of Telangana and Urdu recognized as a regional official language in some districts in the state. Once Urdu was the only official language in the state of Hyderabad before Indian Independence and it was the only language used in the educational institutes. So, most of the educational elite groups in Telangana used Urdu as their vernacular. After 1948, once India occupied the Hyderabad, Telugu became the major language in the state and also the medium for the educations and using of Urdu decreased among the non-Muslims community. Although, most of the Muslim populations in the state are commonly speak in Urdu. Telangana has a literacy rate of 66.46%, where male and female literacy rates are 74.95% and 57.92%, respectively.
Telangana is strategically located on the Deccan Plateau, which is a semi-arid area. So, the climate of the state is predominantly hot and dry. March to mid-June, Telangana experience summers, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42°C range. The average annual rainfall is about 906 mm, 80% of which is received from the south-west monsoon between Mid-June and September. Winter session begins in the state in late November and lasting until February with a little humidity and dry weather with an average temperature in the range of 22°C–23°C.
Telangana, the newest state of India, is known for its unique culture, dialect, cuisines and other aspects. Telangana is also known for its hospitality and multicultural and pluralistic society. Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana is the fifth largest city in India. It is famous for some of India's best educational institutions, public sector, defence companies and IT services sector, film industry, and culture & Heritages. The pleasing climate of Telangana with a proud history, abundant natural and water resources and grand heritage make it unique tourist destinations in India.
Some must visit destinations in Telangana described below,
Birla Mandir (Hyderabad), Chilkur Balaji Temple (Hyderabad), Shri Jagannath Temple (Hyderabad) , Mecca Masjid (Hyderabad) , Bhadrakali Temple (Warangal) , ISKCON Hyderabad Sri Sri Radha Madanmohan Mandir (Hyderabad) , Thousand Pillar Temple (Warangal) , Ramappa Temple (Warangal) , Sanghi Temple (Hyderabad), etc.,Br/>
Charminar(Hyderabad), Golkonda Fort (Hyderabad), Warangal Fort (Warangal), Paigah Tombs (Hyderabad), Nagarjunakonda (Nagarjuna Sagar), Medak Fort (Medak), Rachakonda Fort (Hyderabad), Elgandal Fort (Karimnagar), Bhongir Fort (Nalgonda), Jagityala Fort (Karimnagar), Sri laxmi venkateswara swamy Temple (Mahbubnagar). Khammam Fort (Khammam), etc.