Bangladesh > Arts & Culture

Arts & Culture

The way of living life together makes up the rich culture of Bangladesh. The diverse culture of this nation has evolved with passing time with the influence of the various social groups. The primary religion of this nation is Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism and these have always played a gigantic role in the nation’s culture.

Back in the 19th century and 20th century while Bengal Renaissance, the development of Bengali culture proliferated. Such development took place due to the popular Bengali scientists, filmmakers, writers, artists, researchers, and musicians. The deep-rooted heritage of Bangladesh reflects in the literature, architecture, drama, dance, painting, and music. The cultural diversity of this nation blends beautifully and is the essence of symmetry.

Performing Arts and Music

If you visit Bangladesh or stay informed about the dance and music styles, you will find that they mostly fall under the three main categories of classical, modern and folk. The traditional folk song of this nation was mostly made with the common theme called love. The lyrics of their songs are taken from the deep-rooted culture, spirituality, and mysticism.

Folk songs comprise of Murshidi, Baul and Bhatiali and the major lyricists are Abbas Uddin and Hason Raja. The dancing style of this nation is way different from others, though some of the known dance forms are Bharatnatyam and Kathak are influenced by the parts of Indian subcontinent. Towards the urban areas, rock bands that are highly influenced by western cultures have got huge popularity. Most of the modern instruments are in use by the people and the traditional one includes the drums, flutes which are called as table or dhol and bashi.


Islam is the most populated religion in Bangladesh which is almost 87% of the entire population of this nation. Next, to this, Hinduism and Buddhism are the next most popular religions. A very small part of the entire population constitutes of Sikhs and Christians. Keeping in mind about the diversity, the nation enjoys Eidul-Fits, Christmas, Durga Puja, and Buddha Purnima.

Celebrations and Festivals

The unique culture of Bangladesh includes celebrations and festivals. Some of the major events comprise of Chand Raat, Eid ul-Adha and Eid ul-Fitr from the Islam culture along with Durga Puja and Janmashtami from the Hindu culture. Some of the other most amazing festivals include Buddha Purnima and Christmas. Other than these, Independence Day, Language Movement Day is also being celebrated by the people of Bangladesh.

Cuisine and Clothing

There is no harm in saying that the choices of dress of the people here are different than others. Men generally love to wear casual which in rural places is a lungi and the formal clothing include shits and trousers. During in religious event, men wear Punjabi which is the traditional wear and women wear Sarees and younger females wear Salwar Kameez.

The cuisines here are known for their unique tradition. The staple food of this nation is rice which is being served with other vegetables, eggs, fish, lentil soups, meat and much more. Other than these, the sweet preparation of this nation is known throughout the world. These include Rasmalai, Sondesh, Rasgulla, Chomchom, Kala jam, and much more sweet dishes. The primary protein source of this place is fish that includes some of the delicious freshwater fishes like catfish known as Magur, Katla, and Shutki. Beef is also being served in the Bengali cuisine with the curry with it.


The culture of Bangladesh includes sports as it is an integral part of it. This is a known source of entertainment with its national sports as Kabaddi. Cricket is the first and football as the second most important sports in the country is being enjoyed by the people of this nation.


There is no doubt that Bengali has a rich literary heritage. The ancient specimen available in the Bengali literature is almost a thousand years old. Alaol, Chandi Das and Daulat Kazi are some of the known poets during this period. The modern Bengali literature started during the 19th century. Rabindranath Tagore who is the Nobel Laureate is a known personality in the Bengali culture. Other than these, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Michael Madhusudan Datta, BanChandra Chattopadhaya, Kazi Abdul Wadud, and Mir Mosharraf Hossain are some of the known pioneers of the modern Bengali Literature.


The designs and architectural attributes of Bangladesh are from the deep cultural history and religion. In the centuries, social, religious and exotic communities have played a vital role in the architectural aspect. Some of the prime models of this nation include Indo-Saracenic Revival, Pala Buddhist, Mughal, and Islamic architectures. The nation constitutes of various architectural monuments and relics which are considered as over a thousand years old. Some buildings that show the various designs of Bangladesh comprises of the parliament house, Kantajew Temple, Ahsan Manzil and the Lalbagh Fort.

With the diverse art and culture of this place, Bangladesh has become a place known for its cultural roots. Starting from the clothing to the famous Bengali literature, everything about this nation is worth giving a look at. If you are a creative person who spends time researching on the diverse religion, art forms and cultures of nations, Bangladesh is definitely a great choice for you to start researching.