Bangladesh > Landforms

Landforms of Bangladesh

With a heavy population, Bangladesh has become a populated country which is expected to grow to 220 million by the end of 2050. A large part of this nation acreage is low-lying and flat which means is severely prone to cyclones and flooding that generally arrives from the Bay of Bengal. The landforms of this nation when subdued comprises as one of the biggest mangrove forests in the world.

This is a nation of rivers with a large part of it being covered with the three major rivers like the Meghna, The Ganges, and the Brahmaputra. During the melting of Himalayan Mountains, the rivers tend to overflow especially those which are running from South towards the Sea. This as a result cause flood across the nation.

With most of the part of this nation is stuffed with the tropical rain forests and mangrove forests, the majority of the area remains flat with only a few hilly regions towards the southeast and east. Keokradong peak is the highest point with 4,035 ft and the Indian Ocean is the lowest part of this nation.

General Topography

Most of the part of Bangladesh settles on alluvial lowlands on the Bengal plains. These are the fertile flatlands meandered by the drainages which sourced in good heights of Himalayan towards the north. More than 700 rivers lace across southwards through the massive floodplains, spilling the banks while engorged with monsoon or snowmelt outwash. This Ganges comes from India which is on the west and joins the Jamuna River. The Padma River joins with the Meghna River prior to splitting into various channels towards southern Bangladesh.

These are some rivers which along with their association create the Mouth in the Bay of Bengal which is the biggest delta in the world. A very tiny part of Bangladesh, especially towards the Southeast, features some of the hilly uplands.

The Sundarbans

From the major landscapes that occur from Mouths of Ganges lies the swampy and ragged coast of Sundarbans which is also shared with India. This is from the remaining swaths which are sparsely populated with wildland is left in this region. Here the immensely fragmented freshwater forests are graded into various tidal mangrove tracts towards the Bay of Bengal’s edge.

This highly volatile nation, which can be described by the harbors, shifting tides some of the endangered species of huge animals that mainly includes the Royal Bengal Tigers are adapted to this brackish atmosphere. These large and wild cats are one of the biggest predators in the world and known for occasionally hunting the fishermen, woodcutters along with other humans who visit this waterlogged forest.

Moreover, you will also find chital deer, Indian pythons, smooth coated otters along with estuarine crocodiles are also found here, You will be amazed to know that freshwater sharks, birds, and dolphins are available in the bunch here. Just like other parts of Bangladesh, Sundarbans is also one of the threatened places which can be driven under the rising global warming.

Chittagong Hill Tracts

One of the most intense uplands is the Chittagong Hill Tracts which is located towards the south-eastern border of Burma and India. These are the straight north-south hill belts formed because of similar collision within the Eurasian and Indian tectonic plates which once produced the Himalayas. Evergreen or semi-evergreen tropical forest containing the bamboo brakes are available in some parts of these ranges whereas in other parts the valleys are cultivated for growing rice, tea along with other crops. From the various other subsidiary hill belts lies the Saical Range that comprises of highest terrain of Bangladesh that includes 3,920-foot Mowdol Mual.

The landforms of Bangladesh are the prime reason behind flood

Even when you hardly have knowledge but landforms is immensely associated with the floods that generally occur in Bangladesh.

The Prime Reasons for Flood are:

  • A major part of this nation comprises of huge delta and flood plain.
  • Snowmelt that occurs in the Himalayas happens during the late summer and springtime.
  • 70% of the overall land is less than just 1 meter above sea level.
  • 10% of the whole area comprises of Rivers and lakes
  • Most of the parts of Bangladesh experiences heavy rainfall during the monsoon rimes especially on the highlands
  • Tropical storms result in bringing coastal flooding and heavy rainfall. During the springtime, the snow-covered Himalayas melts which results in increasing the chances of flood risks.

Ecotourism is Always High

Visiting the protected lands of Bangladesh can help the visitors get a look at the unique topography of this nation along with is also great to have a look at the endangered species. With some of the unique aspects, this nation is always ready to welcome the visitors and help you find the great forest reserves.

So get your tickets booked and know about the unique landform of Bangladesh by visiting this nation.