Ranchi is the capital city of Jharkhand. It is situated on the southern side of the Chotanagpur plateau. Ranchi City covers an area of 175.1 sq km and it has an average elevation of 651.1 (2,140 ft) meters above sea level. Ranchi and its adjoining regions were inhabited by the peaceful aboriginal village of Munda and Oraon tribes of Hindu communities. During the ancient age (end of the third century BC), this region was under the Magadh Empire and controlled by Mauryan Rulers. Later it was transferred to the control of the King Kharavela. After the decline of Mahameghavahana dynasty, many rulers took control over it but the king Samudragupta (335 AD to 380 AD) of Gupta Dynasty, was most significant among them.
Munda and Oraon communities of Ranchi gradually succumbed by the pressure of the Nagbansi family in the medieval period of Indian history. Nagbansi Rajas ruled Ranchi for a long time and they also succeeded to spread their control over a vast region adjoining to the city. When the Mughal ruler (Akbar, 1585) rose in power and captured Chotanagpur Valley include the Ranchi city then Nagbansi family fled from the city. After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the British east India Company took control over eastern India. In 1765, Ranchi went under the Rule of British. After Indian Independence in 1947, Ranchi City was included in the state of Bihar and finally in 2000, Jharkhand was declared as a State with its capital Ranchi.
There have several beautiful waterfalls in Ranchi. And that is why, sometime the city is considered as the City of Waterfalls. Some major waterfalls to visit in Ranchi are Dassam Falls, Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls, Hirni Falls and Panchaghagh Falls. Geographically, Ranchi is a hilly region with dense tropical forests. Once, the city was termed as a hill station during the colonial rule in India. But now, the temperature of Ranchi is increasing and its forest regions are decreased due to its rapid population growth and quick urbanization. Due to these social changes, the city has lost its previous nature standard. Now, Ranchi receives a subtropical climate. Its temperature ranges varies from 38°C to 21°C during summer and from 24°C to 0°C in winter.
Travel by Railways
Ranchi Railway Station is well connected to other major cities of India like New Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai, Bhubaneswar, Bangalore, Vishakhapatnam, Hyderabad, Guwahati, Patna, Amritsar, Nagpur, Pune, Cuttack, Puri, Rourkela, Ajmer, Dhanbad, Jammu, etc. some other important railway stations of the city are Hatia Station, Tatishilwai and Namkom Station. Hatia station is also connected with metro and major cities of India.
Travel by Airways
There is a domestic airport in Ranchi, name Birsa Munda Airport. It receives several direct flights from Patna, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangaluru and Calcutta. Several airlines operators namely, Kingfisher Airlines, Air India, Go Air, and Jet Airways serve regular flights to this airport. You also be facilitated here with the international flights during the annual Haj pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia. This service was started to reduce the burden on Kolkata Airport.
Travel by Roadways
Ranchi is well connected to other major points of the state through the NH-33, NH-23 and several state highways. Being the capital city it receives regular direct bus services from its adjoining state cities like Patna, Gaya, Kolkata, Varanasi, Patna, etc. Jharkhand State Road Transport Corporation ply regular bus services from and to Jamshedpur, Siwan, Begùsarai, Rourkela, Dumka, Khagaul and Haj¡pur.
Patel Chowk, Station Rd, Ranchi
Lalpur, H.B. Road, Ranchi-834001
|Capitol Hill Hotel
Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Rachi
|Chanakya Bnr Hotel
Near Ranchi Railway Station
|Crystal Residency Hotel
Kadrù Diversion Road, Rachi-834001
Hinôo Bridge, Ranchi-834001
|Green Acres Hotel
Airport Road, Ranchi-834002
|Hotel Le Lac
Line Tank Road, Ranchi-834001
Sùjata Cinema, Ranchi-834001
|Park Inn Hotel
Hatia Station Road, Ranchi-834002
Kadru, Big Bazar, Ranchi-834002
|Akash Deep Hotel
Kailash Babu Street, Ranchi-834001
Ratu Road, Ranchi-834001
|City Palace Hotel
Lalpur, Circular Rd, Ranchi-834001
|Centre Point Hotel
Mahèndra Arcade, Ranchi-834001
|New Rajasthan Hotel
Lalpur Chowk, Ranchi-834001
|Populatoin||1,126,740 (census 2011)|
|Dialects||Hindi, Kurmali, Oraon, Nagpuri and Mundari.|
|Climate||Winter Minimum - 0°C and Summer Maximum - 38°C|
|Best season to visit||November to April (in Winter)|
|Targeted Railway Station||Ranchi Railway Junction|
|Airport||Birsa Munda Airport|