India General Info
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Usually, the people of India mainly depend on agriculture works from the ancient age of the nation. After Indian independent in 1947, human lifestyle was gradually changed and they search for new sources of income to survive. From the year of 1981 Indiân government provided many facilities to set up private industries. With the cooperation of government, last 30 years Indian private firms or industries increased vastly. Now, India is one of the best economically growing countries in the world.
The rapid growing industrialization is leading lots of environmental issues by its uncontrolled polluted emission. Other reasons of pollutions in India are the destruction of forests, emotions of vehicles, land degradation due to use of poisonous insecticide for agriculture, shortage of natural resources, rampant burning of wood-fuel and many more. Pollution is the main reason to lead lots of disease, health issues and long term livelihood impact.
Indian pollutions can broadly classify into four major types namely Air, Land, noise and Water Pollution. There are several industries in India which are marked as highly polluting like Áluminum smelter industriés, Cement, Chlor Âlkali, Copper smelter, Distillery indústry, Fertilizer, Iron and Steel, Oil refinery, Petrochemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Pulp and Paper, Thermal power plants and Zinc smelter industries.
Air Pollution in India
Major reason to increase above mentioned compositions in the air is industry emissions which increase the percentage of carbon monoxide and many harmful gases. Vehicles also contribute up to 35% of air pollution in the big cities of India like Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai etc. some other reasons of air pollutions are the burning wood-fuel in rural areas for cooking and millions of old diesel engines persistently burning away diesel.
Water Pollution in India
Land Pollution in India
Land pollution in India is due to the poisonous pesticides and fertilizers as well as corrosion during 2009, the issue of Uranium poisoning in the state of Punjab came into light, caused by fly ash ponds of thermal power stations, which reportedly lead to severe birth defects in children in the Faridkot and Bhatinda districts of the state. Other main reason of this type of pollution is poor garbage disposal services in both the rural and urban areas of India. It is very common in India to find out a heap of garbage on the Street corners.
Noise Pollution in India
Noise pollution is also very common in India due to negligence of government. There have rule in the country to not exceed the normal rage (65 decibel) of sound to control the sound pollution. But, no one follow this rule and government also not strict about this. People rampantly use loudspeakers, mikes or any sound system with out rules of govt. some other reasons of sound pollution are the noise of industries and vehicles.