Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) is the fifth largest state which placed in northern part of India with an area of 243290 Sq Km. It was previously known as United Provinces. Tow major holy rivers Ganga and Yamuna have garlanded this state and its highly fertile soil (Gangetic plain) populated the state heavily. According to the census of India 2011, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of 199581477 and if UP would be a separate nation then it will be the World's 5th most populous country.
Uttar Pradesh is separated by an international border with neighboring country Nepal in the North and the neighboring states of Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana in the west, Bihar in the East, Madhya Pradesh in the South and Uttaranchal in the north.
Lucknow is the legislative capital city of UP and the industrial capital is Kanpur. The major cities of Uttar Pradesh are Allahabad, Varanasi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Agra, Meerut, Gorakhpur, Aligarh, Bareilly, Ghaziabad and Noida. The state is build up with 72 distinct districts which are clubbed under 18 divisions these are Agra, Aligarh, Allahabad, Azamgarh, Bareilly, Basti, Chitrakoot, Devipatan, Faizabad, Gorakhpur, Jhansi, Kanpur, Lucknow , Meerut, Mirzapur, Moradabad, Saharanpur and Varanasi. Read more...
Religions of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is a state of Hinduism, more 80% of total population follows Hindu religion and other religions of the state are Muslim (18% of the population), Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians and Jains. Some tribal communities like Tharus, Boksas, Bhotia, Jaunswaris and Rajis, Agaria, Baiga, Bhar, Bhoksa, Bind, Chero, Gond, Kol and Korwa are also found in UP. Among the above mention tribal first five communities have been recognized as scheduled tribes.
Festivals in Uttar Pradesh
The state people celebrate lots of colorful and amazing festivals. Some most popular of these are The Taj Mahotsav (in the February), Jhansi Festival (during February-March), Festival of color (Holi), Buddha Mahotsav, Vrindavan Sharadotsav, Ganga Festival and the Lucknow Festival (during winter).
Languages in Uttar Pradesh
People of UP usually use Hindi and Urdu dialect as their main spoken language but officially Hindi is accepted. Some other small linguistic community group reside here, they are Bagheli, Budeli, Punjabi and Hariyanvi.
The climate of Uttar Pradesh usually is subtropical, but it changes noticeably with its land height. The climate of eastern zone of UP is Temperate but the western zone is Extreme and you found Semi Arid climate type in Bundelkhand and Agra.
Weather in summer
Normally the summer season of UP is continued from end of March to August and the temperatures varies from 45°C (in daytime) to 28°C (at night). Dew is very common throughout the state in summer.
Weather in winter
Normally the Winters season of UP is continued from Mid-November to End of February and the temperatures varies from 24°C (in daytime) to 3°C (at night). Cities like Allahabad and Varanasi of Northern parts of the Himalayan region of UP is usually covered with average 3 meters to 5 meters snowfall in winter.
Weather in monsoon
Normally the monsoon season of UP is continued from June to September and more than 90% of the annual rainfall occurs during this season due to the southwest Monsoon. The average annual rainfall of up varies from 105 cm to 110 cm in Allahabad, Varanasi and Azamgarh but some places like Agra, Ghaziabad and Merrut it is very low 45cm to 50cm.