India > Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh is known as the state of sunrise. It is a state of north-east India, and the first sunlight comes dawn to Arunachal Pradesh in India. So, it is called Arunachal, Arun means Sun and Achal means land. Arunachal Pradesh is the eastern-most border state in India, where Tibet is to the north, Myanmar is to the east and Bhutan is to the west. Assam, another beautiful state in India is situated to the south of Arunachal Pradesh.

The state covers an area of 83,743 sq km from greater Himalayas range to Himalaya’s foothills. According to the census report 2011 of India 1382611 people reside here. Capital city of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar. Other major cities of the state are Bhalukpong, Bhismaknagar, Seppa, Ziro, Bomdila, Daporijo, Pasighat, Tezu, Roing, Anini, Khonsa, Yingkiong and Tawang. The state is divided into 16 distinct districts.

It is a small state on Himalaya mostly covered with deep forest. A large numbers of Mountain Rivers (Kameng, Subarnasiri, Lohit, Tirap, Siang) flow accrose the state, which gives a charming looks of the State. Arunachal Pradesh is mostly cover with forests of pine, oak, maple and rhododendron. You can find out more than 500 species of Orchids. Several kinds of flowers are available in summer. Rhododendron, accepted as state flower, is the best of them.

sela lake in arunachal pradesh

(Sela Lake at Sela Pass, Arunachal Pradesh)

Arunachal Pradesh, east most Himalayan State lying between 26°30'N and 29°30'N latitude and between 91°30'E and 97°30'E longitude is the state of sunrise in India. It panoramic natural beauty and fresh air are most valuable property in our polluted and artificial World.  Read more...

Culture of Arunachal Pradesh

Languages in Arunachal Pradesh: The tribes of Arunachal Pradesh are divided into about 82 different tribal groups which make approximately 65% of total state population. Major tribes of the state are Adi, Nishi, Monpa, Galo and Apatani. Every tribal groups practice their own traditional culture. They speak with their own regional or tribal dialect. There have more over 50 tribal dialects some major of them are Dafla, Adi Gallong, Mishri, Monpa, Aka, Khamti, Nishi, Wancho and Tagin.

Non-tribal people of the state mainly use Hindi as their first language. Assamese, Bengali, Nepali and English are also spoken by some people. Among them Hindi and English are the main medium for official uses and education system.

Festivals in Arunachal Pradesh: State tribes of Arunachal Pradesh celebrate lots of religious, seasonal and socio-cultural festivals throughout the year. Sacrifice of Animal in festivals is a common ritual in Arunachal Pradesh. Some major festivals of the state are Lossar, Gomkum gompa, Dree, Si-Donyi, Boori Boot, Solung, Aran, Mopin, Tamladu, Sangken, Reh, Oriah, Mol and Nyokum.

Religions in Arunachal Pradesh: Most of the tribes of Arunachal Pradesh mainly follow Donyi Polo religions. Hinduism also a major accepted religions in the state, near about 34.6% of total population belongs to this religion. Some other religions of the state are Christian (18.7%), Buddhist (13.0%), Muslim (1.9%) and Sikh (0.1%).

Climate of Arunachal Pradesh

The climate of Arunachal Pradesh is basically depends on its elevations. The state can be divided into three climatic zones. North most part of Arunachal Pradesh close to China-Tibet border is the high elevated area. It is the part of Upper-Himalayas and this region fall under the alpine or Tundra climatic zone with a temperature bellow the freezing point in winter. The region located in the middle Himalaya is called as temperate climate zone. And the climate of lower elevation or foothills of Himalaya is quite hot than other two climatic zone. 

Summer season: Usually this season is continued from April to June and temperature varies from 10° C to 22° C during this season. Hilly region of the state is comfortable during this season. 

Winter season: Usually this season is continued from end-October to February and temperature varies from 0° C to 12° C during this season. Some regions of higher climatic zone of the state get a temperature bellow freezing point during this season. 

Monsoon in Arunachal: Usually this season is continued from July to September. Annual average rainfall of the state varies from 200cm to 500cm.

General Information

Total Area :: 83,743 sq km (approx)

Temperature Summer :: 13°C to 21°C 

Temperature Winter :: 0°C to 12°C 

Annual Rainfall :: 200cm to 500cm 

Best Seasons to Visit :: All around the year.

Capital Town :: Itanagar 

Other Major Towns :: Along, Anini, Bomdila, Daporijo, Khonsa, Pashighat, Seppa, Tawang, Teju, Walong, Yingkiong and Ziro.

Number of Districts :: 16

Neighboring State :: Assam

Neighboring Countries :: Myanmar, China and Bhutan

Population :: 1,382,611 (Males- 720,232: Females- 662,379; Census -2011) 

Population Density :: 17 people per sq.km.

Literacy Rate :: 66.95% ( Males- 73.69% and Females- 59.57%)

Language Spoken :: English, Assamese (Official Language), Hindi, Bengali, Monpa, Miji, Aka, Sherdukpen, Nyishi,Apatani, Tagin, Hill Miri, Adi, Digaru Mismi, Idu-Mismi, Khamti, Miju-Mismi, Nocte, Tangsa and Wancho 

Major Religions :: Buddhism, Hinduism and Christianity

Currency :: Indian Rupee (indian rupee)

State Foundation Date:: 20th February, 1987

State animal :: Mithun (Hoolock Gibbon)

State bird :: Hornbill

State tree :: Hollong

State flower :: Rhynchostylis Retusa (Foxtail Orchid).