Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture is one of the largest economic sectors and it plays an important role in the overall socio-economic progress of India. It provides livelihood to about 64 percent of the labors force contributes nearly 27.4 percent of gross domestic product and accounts for about 18 percent share of the country's exports. It supplies bulk of wage goods required by the non-agricultural sector and raw material for a large section of industry.
There are three main type crop seasons Kharif crop Cultivation season, Rabi crop cultivation season and summer crop cultivation season. Kharif crops are cultivated at the beginning of monsoon and kharif crop raised in the month of September to October.
Major kharif crops are rice, Joware, Bajra, Mainze, cotton, sugarcane, Seame, soybean and groundnut. Rabi crops are cultivated at beginning of winter season and it rose in spring time period. Major Rabi crops are wheat, Jower, gram, linseed, and rapeseed and mustered. In summer season rice, Mainz and groundnut are grown naturally.
According to utilization of Indian crops, it is classified as three types- 1 Food crops 2 Plantation crops and 3 Fiber crops.
Food crops are various types of crops which people used as their food in daily necessity life. The example of this type is rice, wheat, sugarcane, potatoes, onions etc. Plantation crops of India are tea and coffee. These are trade crops of India and the Fiber crops are cotton, jute etc. this are used for making cloths.
India has already achieved the first position in fruit production in the world, and in vegetable production, India's position is second in the world.
India is the largest producer in the world of fresh fruit, Badian, coriander, anise, fennel, tropical fresh fruit, pulses, spices, jute, pigeon peas, millets, castor oil seed, sesame seeds, safflower seeds, lemons, okra, ginger, limes and dry chilies, cashew nuts, turmeric guavas and mangoes.
India is the second largest producer of cashews, cabbages, cardamom, onions, wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton seed and lint, fresh vegetables, cauliflowers, potatoes, pumpkins garlic, egg plant, silk, lentil, dry beans, groundnut, tea, green peas, and squashes.
India is the third largest producer of tobacco, sorghum, rapeseed, coconuts and tomatoes. India accounts for 10% of the world fruit production with first rank in the production of mangoes, papaya, banana and Sapota.