India, officially the Republic of India (Bharat Ganarajya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area, the second-most populous country after China, and the most populous & the largest democracy in the world. India is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east; and it is bordered by Afghanistan and Pakistan to the north-west; Bhutan, China and Nepal to the north; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. In the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka lie to the south and the Maldives, Thailand and the Indonesian island of Sumatra lie to the south-east.
India is a federal democratic republic, consisting of 29 states and seven union territories, with the President as the Head of State. The Legislature is the bicameral Parliament. The lower house, known as the Lok Sabha is popularly elected by the people. The upper house, known as the Rajya Sabha is mostly elected indirectly by the state and territorial legislatures in proportion of population. Some members of parliament are nominated by the President (12 with expertise in specific fields for upper house and 2 from Anglo-Indian community for lower house).
The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is the leader of the majority party of lower house and exercises most executive power, with the President being the nominal head of state. There is a Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Every minister holding a portfolio must be a member either house of Parliament. The Prime Minister and his Council being directly responsible to the lower house of the Parliament.
The Indian economy is one of the fastest growing major economies with sixth largest by nominal GDP worth US$2.848 trillion (2018 est) and third largest economies by PPP worth US$10.385 trillion (2018 est) in the World, as per the latest announcement on 1st April, 2018 by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). India became the fastest growing major economy again in the World for the FY 2018, surpassing China. It is classified as a newly industrialized country. India is a nuclear weapons state and has the third-largest standing armed force in the world.