India

India (Bharat) at a glance

India, officially the Republic of India (Bharat Ganarajya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area, the second-most populous country after China, and the most populous & the largest democracy in the world. India is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east; and it is bordered by Afghanistan and Pakistan to the north-west; Bhutan, China and Nepal to the north; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. In the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka lie to the south and the Maldives, Thailand and the Indonesian island of Sumatra lie to the south-east.

indian mape

(Indian Map at a glance, Political)

India is a federal democratic republic, consisting of 29 states and seven union territories, with the President as the Head of State. The Legislature is the bicameral Parliament. The lower house, known as the Lok Sabha is popularly elected by the people. The upper house, known as the Rajya Sabha is mostly elected indirectly by the state and territorial legislatures in proportion of population. Some members of parliament are nominated by the President (12 with expertise in specific fields for upper house and 2 from Anglo-Indian community for lower house).

The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is the leader of the majority party of lower house and exercises most executive power, with the President being the nominal head of state. There is a Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Every minister holding a portfolio must be a member either house of Parliament. The Prime Minister and his Council being directly responsible to the lower house of the Parliament.

The Indian economy is one of the fastest growing major economies with seventh largest by nominal GDP worth US$2.183 trillion and third largest economies by PPP worth US$8.027 trillion in the World, as per the latest announcement on October, 2015 by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It is classified as a newly industrialized country. India is a nuclear weapons state and has the third-largest standing armed force in the world.

Republic of India
(Bharat Ganarajya)
indian flag
Indian Flag
indian emblem
National Emblem
India at a Glance
Capital New Delhi
Largest city Mumbai
Demonym Indian
Area 3,287,590 km2
Population 1,210,854,977 (2011 census)
Density 382 People per Sq. Km.
Literacy Rate 74.04%
Languages Hindi, English and 21 other regional languages
Religions Hindu 79.80%, Muslim 14.23%, Christian 2.30%, Sikh 1.72%, Buddhist 0.70%, Jain 0.37%, others 0.66% and Not specified 0.24% (census 2011)
Currency Indian Rupee(indian rupee)
Time zone IST(UTC+5:30)
Date formats dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on left
Internet TLD .in
ISD code +91
National Symbols
Enthem Jana Gana Mana
(Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people)
Song Vande Mataram
Animal Tiger (Panthera tigris)
Aquatic animal River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
Bird Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus)
Flower Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)
Tree Banyan (Ficus bengalensis)
Fruit Mango (Mangifera indica)
River The Gangas
Indian Administration
Government Federal Constitutional Parliamentary Democracy
Legislature Sansad (Parliament)
1. Rajya Sabha (Upper House)
2. Lok Sabha (Lower House)
Head of States President
President Sri Ram Nath Kovind
Vice President Sri M. Venkaiah Naidu
Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi
Speaker Smt. Sumitra Mahajan
Chief Justice Hon'ble Justice Dipak Mishra