Maharashtra, means great province or great country (Maha – great and Rashtra – country or province), is a state of mainly Marathi community. It is the third largest state placed in mid-western part of India with an area of 307,731 Sq Km. According to the census of India 2011, approximately 62,481,681 people reside here and if Maharashtra would be a separate nation then it will be the World's 11th most populous country.
Maharashtra is separated by the neighboring state of Karnataka to the south, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast, Gujarat and Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the northwest, Madhya Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the east, Goa to the southwest and the entire western side is bordered by the Arabian Sea.
Mumbai, previously known as Bombay, is the capital city of the state as well as the largest metropolitan city of India. Maharashtra was established in 1960 on 1st May by the state reorganization committee of India and this day still today celebrated as Maharashtra Day. The state is build up with 6 distinct divisions namely Amravati, Aurangabad, Konkan or Mumbai, Nagpur, Nashik and Pune which are contained 35 districts.
Amravati - Amravati, Akola, Washim, Buldhana and Yavatmal
Aurangabad - Aurangabad, Jalna, Latur/Lattalur, Nanded, Osmanabad, Parbhani, Hingoli and Beed
Mumbai or Konkan - Mumbai, Mumbai Upanagar, Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg
Nagpur - Nagpur, Chandrapur, Wardha, Bhandara, Gondia and Gadchiroli
Nashik - Nashik, Dhule, Jalgaon, Ahmednagar and Nandurbar
Pune - Pune, Satara, Sangli, Solapur and Kolhapur
The climate of Maharashtra usually is typical monsoon climate, with hot, rainy and cold weather seasons.
Weather in summer
Normally the summer season of Maharashtra is continued from March to Mid-June and the temperature varies from 38°C (in daytime) to 21°C (at night).
Weather in winter
Normally the winters season of Maharashtra is continued from November to End of February and the temperatures varies from 32°C (in daytime) to 14°C (at night and morning).
Weather in monsoon
Normally the monsoon season of Maharashtra is continued from End of June to September and more than 90% of the annual rainfall occurs during this season. The average annual rainfall of the state varies from 180 cm to 200 cm in the districts Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg but some places like Nasik, Pune, Ahmednagar, Dhule, Jalgaon, Satara, Sangli and Solapur it is very low 45cm to 50cm.
Language and Religions in Maharashtra
People of Maharastra usually use Marathi dialect as their main spoken and official language, more than 68.89% of inhabitants speak this language and rest are use Hindi (11.04%), Urdu (1.81%), Kannada (2.51%), Gujarati (2.38%), Telugu (1.31%), Tamil (1.05%) and Malayalam (1.01%). The people of Maharastra mainly follow Hindu religion (80.2% of total population), Islam (10.6%), Buddhists (6%), Jains (1%) and rest are Christians.
Festivals in Maharashtra
Major festivals of Maharashtra are Nag Panchami, Narali Pournima, Gokul Ashtami or Janmashtami, Ganesh Chaturthi, Gudhi Padwa, Dussehra, Diwali, Makar Sankrant, Holi, The Pune Festival, The Banganga Festival, Elephanta Festival and Ellora Festival at Aurangabad. Read more...