Kaziranga National Park, a world heritage site was declared by UNESCO in the year 1985 for its unique natural environment, is one of the oldest National parks in India, is located within Bokakhat subdivision of Golaghat district and Kaliabor subdivision of Nagaon district of Assam. Kaziranga National Park is famous for the largest habitat of Great One-horned rhinoceros (rhinoceros unicornis) in the world. It is also declared as Tiger Reserve on 2006. Kaziranga also having a large no of other mammals like - elephants, bears, panther, deer, etc and birds and reptiles.
Kaziranga National Park is surrounded over an area of approximately 378 sq km with an elevation ranges from 40m to 80m, boundaries by two rivers - the north and east boundaries formed by the River Brahmaputra, and the Mora Diphlu River to the South. Some other water bodies also available within the Kaziranga National Park including Diphlu and Mora Dhansiri rivers.
Four major forests are available in the Kaziranga National Park - muddy flooded grasslands, savanna woodlands, tropical wet evergreen forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests. But the major part of this vegetation is tall grasses on the swamps. Sugarcanes, rattan canes, reed, spear grass and elephant grass are common vegetation on the grasslands. Some kumbhi, Indian gooseberry, the cotton tree, and elephant apple are also available along with grasses on the grasslands. Pithraj tree (Aphanamixis polystachya),Talauma hodgsonii, elephant apple or chulta/chalta (Dillenia indica), Garcinia tinctoria, figs tree( Ficus rumphii), Cinnamomum bejolghota, and species of Syzygium are common trees on the evergreen forests, mainly shown in the Kanchanjhuri, Panbari, and Tamulipathar blocks of the Kaziranga National Parks. Other hand, silk plants/silk trees or sirises(Albizia procera), Jayanti(Duabanga grandiflora), Lagerstroemia speciosa, Crateva unilocularis, gum karaya (Sterculia urens), Grewia serrulata, Red Kamala or Kumkum tree(Mallotus philippensis), Spinous Kino Tree (Bridelia retusa), Aphania rubra, bandicoot berry (Leea indica), and Leea umbraculifera are common trees on the Tropical semi-evergreen forests area of this park, mostly cover the region of Baguri, Bimali, and Haldibari.
Kaziranga National Park is famous for the unique Indian One-horned rhinoceros. Almost two-third One-horned rhinoceros of the world are habitat in the park, as on March, 2015 Kaziranga National Parks having 2401 population of single-horned rhinoceros where 1651 adults, 294 sub-adults, 251 juveniles and 205 infants. Kaziranga is also the most dense tiger habitat (118 as per last census, one tiger per 3.2 sq km) among all tigers reserved areas in the world. Kaziranga is also the largest habitat of wild Asiatic water buffalo (1,666, about 57% of the world population) and eastern swamp deer (468) in the world. Another 31 species of mammals are also habitat in this park - jungle cat, fishing cat, leopard cat, hog deer(9,000) rare hispid hare, Indian gray mongoose, small Indian mongooses, large Indian civet, small Indian civets, Bengal fox, golden jackal, sloth bear,Chinese pangolin, Indian pangolins, hog badger, Chinese ferret badgers, and particoloured flying squirrel including nine types of primate - Assamese macaque, capped, golden langur, ape and hoolock gibbon and Ganges dolphin as aquatic mammal.
To protect avifaunal species, Kaziranga National Park is declared as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International. It is the home of deferent verities of Indian and migrant birds, water birds, predators, scavengers, and game birds, among them the lesser white-fronted goose, fudge duck, Baer's pochard and lesser adjutant stork, greater adjutant stork, black-necked stork, and Asian openbill stork migrate from Central Asia to the park during winter. Riverine birds include the Blyth's kingfisher, white-bellied heron, Dalmatian pelican, spot-billed pelican, Nordmann's greenshank, and black-bellied tern. Birds of prey include the rare eastern imperial, greater spotted, white-tailed, Pallas's fish eagle, grey-headed fish eagle, and the lesser kestrel. It is also the home of 7 types of vultures (now only three type of vultures may visible namely, Indian vulture, slender-billed vulture, and Indian white-rumped vulture, others may be extinct or near to extinct) and weaver birds.
Kaziranga National Park is homeland for the world’s largest snake - reticulated python and rock python. It is also home of King Cobra, the largest venomous snake in the world. Some other snakes found in the park are the Indian cobra, monocled cobra, Russell's viper, and the common krait. Some reptiles in the Kaziranga are monitor lizards and fifteen species of turtle. 42 species of fishes also available inside the park.
Three main seasons - summer, monsoon and winter are visible in the Kaziranga national Park. November to February, it is winter session with a dry-mild weather, temperature range varies from 5 °C to 25 °C. March to May are summer season, and it is hot, when temperatures may reach about 37oC. June to September, the park entertain and an annual average rainfall about 2200 mm in the Kaziranga National Park. Most of the rainy season, western part of the park may flooded and animals may migrated to the outside of the southern border of forest region.
Indian One-horned rhinoceros is the main attraction in Kaziranga national Park. It is also home of many others animals, reptiles and birds – tigers, leopard, wild buffalo, Indian bison or gaur, wild Asiatic elephant, hog-deer, bear, wild pig, fox, jackal, different types of squirrel and various type of Indian, migrant and water birds among them. A large part of the Kaziranga is swamps, and many species of migrant birds visible on the water body after the end of monsoon.
Jeep Safari: Kaziranga National Park is divided into four ranges – Burapahar, Bagori(western), Kohar(central) and Agaratoli(estern). Jeep may be available from the Jeep Association Office, in front of the Kohar Range Office. Maximum 6 persons may booked a jeep excluding driver and guard. Jeep safari may charge, Burapahar Range Rs – 2000/-, Bagori Range Rs. – 1,200/-, Kohara Range Rs.- 1,100/- and Agaratoli Range Rs. 1,500/- for 2 hours each per jeep. Additionally, it will be charge Rs. 50/- per head as entry fees into the forest, guard charge Rs. 100/-, road tax Rs. 300/-, Rs. 50/- per steel camera and Rs 500/- per movie camera for non-professional. For twice Jeep safari in a day, person have to be entertain free entry and camera fees for second visit. Jeep safari is open for six month only (1st November to 30th April) every year. Sometime October and May also open for the Jeep safari, if the weather and road condition are good. Timing for the Jeep safari, at morning 7 o’clock to 9:30 a.m. and at evening 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. every day.
Elephant Safari: Elephant rides are the best way to explore the creatures thread through the tall grass in Kaziranga National Park. It is also open to all visitors from 1st November to the end of the April, next year. Some time it may extended, if the weather and road condition well for the elephant rides. Each four forest rangers have its own unique route to explore the inner beauty of the park, but no one is good or bad, all are equally amazing and cover the core area in the park. All the routes and timing subject to be changes by the Kaziranga National Park authorities. Every day elephant safari timing for morning session is 5:30 a.m. to 7:30 a.m. and afternoon session is 3:00 p.m. to 4 p.m., and all safari is entertain for one hour only. Please check the elephant safari route bellow,
Burapahari Range: Horakati -> Potahibeel -> Diffalu -> Tunakati and back (approx.. 17 km). Starting point at Rhinoland Park.
Agaratoli Range: Agaratoli Sohola beel -> Rongamotia _. Maklung -> Turturonu -> Dhoba and back. Starting point at Agaratoli range office headquarter.,/p>
Kohora Range: Mihimukh -> Kathpora -> Daphlang -> Diffolu River Bank -> Mona Beel -> Karasing & back. Starting point at Mihimukh riding tower.
Bagori Range: Ongabeel -> Rouman -> Rajapukhuri -> Monabeel & back. Starting point at Bagori range office headquarter.
Elephant safari, Jeep safari and other four wheeler vehicle are accessible into the park. All tourists hae been accompanied by forest department authorized guide.
To reach at Kaziranga National Park, there have three main entry points - Kohora, Bagori and Agaratoli. You may follow the bellow option to access the Kaziranga National Park,
By Road: NH37 passes through Kohara (main gate of Kaziranga), which is connected in between Guwahati and Tezpur, ASTC and many private busses run in between this two city and all bus stops at Kohara. Guwahati is 217 km away from Kohara and Tezpur is approx.. 100 kilometers driving distance from Kohara. The nearest town to Kohara is Bokakhat (23 km).
By Rail: Nearest railay station is in Furkating, 75 kilometers away from Kaziranga National Park.
By Air: Guwahati Airport, Tezpur airport at Salonibari, Jorhat airport at Rowriah (approx.. 97 km) are nearest airport to the Kaziranga national Park.
IROA: The Retreat: This 20 acre resort with 4 star amenities, landscape gardens, a small tea garden for the “tea experience”. Infinity: Infinity, Kajiranga architectural design is reminiscent of old Assamese houses which were in the past, set atop, bamboo stilts. Jupuri Ghar : It is simple, honey and all about wood and bamboo.
Infinity: Infinity, Kajiranga architectural design is reminiscent of old Assamese houses which were in the past, set atop, bamboo stilts. Jupuri
Ghar : It is simple, honey and all about wood and bamboo.