Primarily Indian literature was oral and it had to remember in mind from Vedic age. This is passed on from generation to generation without manuscript generally sung or recited. From the 16th century, Indian literature turn into a new look, people begin to writing in Sanskrit language. Mahabharata and Ramayana are two best examples of Sanskrit script during this age.
After that, medieval Indian literatures were written in Kannada and Telugu languages and gradually literature become visible in several languages like, Marathi, Gujarati, Malayalam, Bengali, Hindi and Urdu. Today Indian literature spread in maximum of regional languages in India. Now, Indian literature can divided in various types namely biography, poetry, drama, novels, short stories and Epics.
Indian Poetry : Indian poetry is a reflection of Indian culture and traditions. The classic Indian poetry, from the past 4000 decades, explains the culture and traditions of those times. But, in 21st century all are getting attracted towards film songs and the popularity of poetry gradually decrease today. Urdu, English, Bengali and Hindi poetry are the most famous poetry in India.
Indian Epics : Ramayana and Mahabharata are the most popular Epics. The different gods and goddesses in the Hindu mythology are derived from these Epics. The main story of Ramayana is the story of Lord Rama. Mahabharata is a family epic of the Pandva family and the Kaurav family who are cousins fight with each other for the control over a kingdom.
Assamese literature : Assamese literature was first written during the eighth century with the script of Charyapadas. Some popular writers of Assamese literature are Indira Goswami, Nirupama Bargohain, Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya, Homen Borgohain, Amulya Barua, Nabakanta Barua, Arupa Patangia and Hiren Bhattacharya.
Bengali literature : Bengali literature was first written during the eighth century with the script of Charyapadas. Nobel Prize-wining writer Rabindranath Tagore is the best writer in Bengal, as well as he is the writer of Indian national anthem. Some other popular writers of Bengali literature are Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Michael Madhusudan Dutt and Kazi Nazrul Islam.
Hindi literature : Primarily Hindi literatures were written as religious purpose in the medieval age and Avadhi and Braj languages were used to write the script. Some popular writers of Hindi literature are Kabir, Tulsidas, Devaki Nandan Khatri, Munshi Premchand, Prem Bajpai, Jaishankar Prasad, Mahadevi Varma, Maithili Sharan Gupt, Agyeya, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, and Dharmveer Bharti.
Gujarati literature : Gujarati literature was first written during the 10th century and today it becomes more popular to Indian citizen. Some popular writers of Gujarati literature are Hemchandra Acharya, Narsinh Mehta, Mirabai, Akho, Shamal Bhatt, Dayaram, Dalpatram, Govardhanram Tripathi, Umashankar Joshi, Suresh Joshi and Rajendra Keshavlal Shah.
Urdu literature : Urdhu literature basically formed with the combined vocabularies of Arab and Persian language and it widely used in India to write of ghazal and Muslims religious scripts of devotion to Allah.
Some other important languages have also the tradition of literature, these are the Bhojpuri literature, Kannada, Marathi literature, Tamil literature, Telugu literature, Oriya literature, Manipuri, Punjabi literature, Malayalam, Nepali, Rajasthani literature, Sanskrit, Sindhi and Kashmiri literature.