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About Buddha Purnima
The main sacred goal of Buddhism is to attain Nirvana, which means the spiritual liberation from the cycle of birth and rebirth. Buddhism religion does not believe in the existence of god, image worship and suppression of women and the elevation of Brahmins. Its foundation lies in the philosophy that every one is equal and that nothing lasts forever and nothing happens by chance.
Buddhism is divided into two major sects- Huinayanas (travelers by a lesser vehicle) and Mahayana (travelers by a greater vehicle). Huinayana Buddhism flourished in Sri Lanka, Burma and South East Asia, while Mahayana Buddhism flourished in India, China, Japan, Tibet and Central Asia.
The festival Buddha Poornima is very popular occasion for Buddhists which falls on the full moon night in the month of Vaisakha (either in April or May). It is a celebration of birth anniversary of Lord Buddha. Many Pilgrims come from all over the world to Bodh Gaya to attend the Buddha Poornima celebrations.
The day is marked with prayer meets, sermons on the life of Gautam Buddha, religious discourses, continuous recitation of Buddhist scriptures, group meditation, processions, and worship of the statue of Buddha. The Mahabodhi Temple wears a festive look and is decorated with colorful flags and flowers.
Place of Celebration
The main annual ceremony for the entire Buddhist is the Buddha Purnima known in Sri Lanka as Wesak festival and in India as Buddha Jayanti. Buddhists in Burma, Thailand, Tibet, China, Korea, Laos, Vietnam, Mongolia, Bhutan, Cambodia, Nepal, Japan and quite a number of western Buddhists participate 'Vaisaka' Purnima Day religious activities in a festive mood.
Buddha Purnima 2012 in India: Traditionally, Buddha Purnima is a Buddhist festival and declared as a Central Government Holiday or Gazetted Holiday in India. Current year this festival Buddha Purnima will be celebrated on 6th May 2012. The festival Buddha Purnima specially celebrates in those state where Buddhist live mainly like Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh. Celebration Day: Sunday, 06/05/2012...
Rituals of Buddha Purnima
The rituals include prayers, sermons on the life of Gautam Buddha, continuous recitation of Buddhist scriptures, meditation by monks and devotees, and worship of the statue of Buddha. Offerings of incense, flowers, candles and fruit are made by believers. On this Holy day the Buddhists bathe and wear only white clothes. Buddhists also reaffirm their faith in the five principles called Panchsheel.
Five principles (Panchsheel):
Celebration Buddha Purnima
Buddha Jayanti celebrates the three most important events in Gautam Buddha's life. Pilgrims from all over the world come to Bodh Gaya in India to participate in the Buddha Poornima celebrations that highlight prayer meets, sermons and religious discourses, recitation of Buddhist scriptures, group meditation, processions and worship of the statue of Buddha.
The celebration of Buddha Purnima is not only a festival but it is reminds us of Buddha's teachings of life. The day has a special significance not only among Buddhists but also among others. The Mahabodhi Temple wears a festive look and is decorated with colorful flags and flowers.